Welcome to Critical Idealism!

(Summer 2019)

A “Post-Update Project” has been underway here at criticalidealism.org since mid-July, 2019. All posts with an “Updated” line at the beginning have been completed.


  1. The post has been reviewed and edited.
  2. A pdf file download button has been added so that the paper is available with page numbers and footnotes. All posts are Copyright Protected over Creative Commons.
  3. A “Works Cited” page has been added at the end of (most) posts.
  4. All citations to Kant’s works have been changed to the Akademie Ausgabe (AA) convention as follows:

AA indicator, plus Volume #: Page #s (e.g., the Critique of Judgment
citation is AA V: page #(s).

This revision means that the Kant citations are not tied either to a non-Akademie Ausgabe German edition or to a particular English translation. Because the citations to Kant in the posts was most frequently to the Weischedel edition from the Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, access to the citations was limited to German readers with access to that edition. This update project allows particularly English readers to find the passages referred to in the notes. The reader will only need to find English translations with The Berlin-Brandenburg Academy Edition page numbers in the columns.

As a translator, I know painfully well that there is no “perfect” translation so that the citation to the Akademie Ausgabe allows the reader to quickly check the original German. Twenty-three volumes of the Akademie Ausgabe are available on-line at https://korpora.zim.uni-duisburg-essen.de/kant/verzeichnisse-gesamt.html

Please share with me any errors that you find! I would deeply appreciate your suggestions at dougm@mail.de



“Every materialist will be an idealist; but an idealist can never go backward to be a materialist.”  Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The Transcendentalist” in The Complete Essays and Other Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. by Brooks Atkinson (New York: the Modern Library, 1940), 87-103.

However, both a materialist and an idealist can choose the “middle way” of Critical Idealism without succumbing to the illusions/delusions of materialist or rationalist metaphysics, AND by doing so one possibly can contribute to making a better world.

13 November 2016

“Die größeste Angelegenheit des Menschen ist zu wissen wie er seine Stelle in der Schöpfung gehörig erfülle und recht verstehe was man seyn muß um ein Mensch zu seyn.” (Immanuel Kant, Bemerkungen in den ‘Beobachtungen über das Gefühl des Schönen und Erhabenen,’ neu herausgegeben und kommentiert von Marie Rischmüller, Hamburg 1991, 36)

“The most important issue is to know how one properly fulfills one’s place in creation and correctly understands what one must be in order to be a human being.”  (Immanuel Kant, Comments in ‘Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime,’ ed. by Maria Rischmüller, Hamburg 1991, 36) [McGaughey translation]

1 February 2017

The Site’s Goal!

This site’s aim, above all, is to contribute in the English-speaking world to a thinking with (rather than thinking against or seeking to improve) the philosophy of Immanuel Kant (Critical Idealism).  The task to think with Kant constitutes the tradition of Critical Idealism and includes in the German-speaking world, among others to be sure, Benno Erdmann (skeptical methodology and Copernican Revolution), the Marburg Neo-Kantians that include Hermann Cohen (epistemology and mathematical sciences, religion), Paul Natorp (truth as unconcealment, Being as ontological root, and religion), and Ernst Cassirer (functionalism and symbolic forms) to the renewed interest in Kant that one finds in Germany today especially around Otfried Höffe (Kantian and Aristotelian ethics, Kant’s philosophy of history and cosmopolitanism) and Dieter Henrich (subjectivity and epistemology), as well as Birgit Recki (reason and feelings). … read more